How Is Cryptocurrency Taxed?/ Do I have to pay taxes when I buy or sell...
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How Is Cryptocurrency Taxed?/ Do I have to pay taxes when I buy or sell crypto?



How Is Cryptocurrency Taxed: Cryptocurrency is a digital payment system that doesn’t rely on banks to verify transactions. When you transfer cryptocurrency funds, the transactions are recorded in a public ledger. It is stored in digital wallets. Cryptocurrency received its name because it uses encryption to verify transactions.

How Is Cryptocurrency Taxed

Cryptocurrency may be a good investment if you are willing to accept it is a high-risk gamble which could pay off – but also that there is a strong chance you could lose all of your money. It is important before investing in bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies that you go in with your eyes open.


A cryptocurrency is a type of currency that uses digital files as money. Usually, the files are created using the same ways as cryptography (the science of hiding information). The first cryptocurrencies were made to be free of government-given currencies. Cryptocurrencies use ‘decentralized control’.

Examples of coins include Bitcoin and Litecoin (CRYPTO: LTC). Tokens, on the other hand, have far more use than just digital money. Ether is an example of a token, which is used to make transactions on the Ethereum network. Although coins and tokens are closely related, they are distinct entities.


A cryptocurrency, crypto-currency, or crypto is a digital currency designed to work as a medium of exchange through a computer network that is not reliant on any central authority, such as a government or bank, to uphold or maintain it.


Individual coin ownership records are stored in a digital ledger, which is a computerized database using strong cryptography to secure transaction records, to control the creation of additional coins, and to verify the transfer of coin ownership. Despite their name, cryptocurrencies are not necessarily considered to be currencies in the traditional sense and while varying categorical treatments have been applied to them, including classification as commodities, securities, as well as currencies, cryptocurrencies are generally viewed as distinct asset classes in practice.

Some crypto schemes use validators to maintain the cryptocurrency. In a proof-of-stake model, owners put up their tokens as collateral. In return, they get authority over the token in proportion to the amount they stake. Generally, these token stakes get additional ownership in the token over time via network fees, newly minted tokens, or other such reward mechanisms.

Cryptocurrency does not exist in physical form

Cryptocurrency does not exist in physical form (like paper money) and is typically not issued by a central authority. Cryptocurrencies typically use decentralized control as opposed to a central bank digital currency (CBDC). When a cryptocurrency is minted or created prior to issuance or issued by a single issuer, it is generally considered centralized. When implemented with decentralized control, each cryptocurrency works through distributed ledger technology, typically a blockchain, that serves as a public financial transaction database.

A cryptocurrency is a tradable digital asset or digital form of money, built on blockchain technology that only exists online. Cryptocurrencies use encryption to authenticate and protect transactions, hence their name. There are currently over a thousand different cryptocurrencies in the world, and their supporters see them as the key to a fairer future economy.

Bitcoin, first released as open-source software in 2009, is the first decentralized cryptocurrency. Since the release of bitcoin, many other cryptocurrencies have been created.

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Do I have to pay taxes when I buy or sell crypto?

In many countries, cryptocurrencies are subject to tax. Trading, spending or selling your crypto are often taxable events. To calculate your taxes, you will need to consider your capital gains and losses. You may also have to pay income taxes if you receive crypto as payment.

Every jurisdiction is different, so make sure you consult a tax advisor. Tax authorities frequently cooperate with crypto exchanges to track crypto transactions. If you attempt to evade tax, you can end up with financial penalties and even harsher punishments.

If you HODL or trade, at some point, you’ll probably have to pay crypto taxes. The exact amount varies between countries, but it’s common for tax authorities to treat crypto assets as capital assets. It’s a legal obligation to pay your required taxes, so getting it right matters.


In this article, we’ll cover some basic principles that apply to crypto taxation in general. Because the regulatory framework for the taxation of cryptocurrencies differs by country, we always recommend consulting a local tax professional.

There’s no single answer to this question. Your taxes will depend on your location, how long you’ve held your crypto, the type of activity you’re doing, and other factors. In general, you’ll probably need to pay taxes or offset losses for selling but not when you buy.

Taxes in cryptocurrencies aren’t always simple. As a fairly new asset, tax authorities are still developing crypto regulations. However, it’s your responsibility to keep track of your taxable gains and losses and pay the right amount of tax, according to your country’s regulatory framework.

What’s a taxable event?

A taxable event is a transaction or activity you’re required to pay taxes on. These events aren’t universal. A taxable event in one country might not be one in another. Typically, transactions involving the sale of commodities, investments, and other capital assets are all taxable. Purchasing digital currencies like Bitcoin or BNB with fiat currency is unlikely to be a taxable event. However, selling or trading your crypto is likely to be taxed.

A taxable event will leave you with capital gains (profit) or capital losses. If an asset you’re holding appreciates and you trade it at a profit, you’ve made capital gains. If you trade or sell that asset at a loss, you’ve incurred capital losses.

Again, whether capital gains are a taxable event depends on your local tax authority. You may be able to deduct capital losses from your capital gains to reduce your taxes. Your overall amount of tax depends largely on the sum of these together. To help calculate this, taxpayers should note the date, cost basis (purchase price), sale value, and fees associated with all trading transactions.

What are taxable and non-taxable events?

Generally speaking, taxable events include:

  1. Selling cryptocurrency for fiat currency (i.e., USD, CAD, EUR, JPY, etc.).
  2. Trading cryptocurrency for another cryptocurrency (e.g., BTC for ETH).
  3. Spending cryptocurrencies. In jurisdictions including the US, UK, Canada, and Australia, directly spending your crypto on goods or services can incur taxes if you made profits.
  4. Receiving cryptocurrency as a result of a fork, airdrop, or mining.

On the other hand, the following are generally not considered taxable events:

  1. Buying cryptocurrency with fiat currency (except in cases where the purchase price is lower than the fair market value of the purchased coin).
  2. Donating cryptocurrency to a tax-exempt organization.
  3. Gifting cryptocurrency under a specific limit.
  4. Transferring cryptocurrency from one wallet you own to another wallet you own.

How is cryptocurrency taxed?

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies’ official classification within a country will determine how they’re taxed. Tax authorities commonly count crypto as a capital asset and not a currency. If your country hasn’t passed specific crypto taxation laws, expect your crypto profits to be taxed according to their official designation (if any). Some jurisdictions take a much simpler approach. Germany, for example, has no tax on crypto held for over a year. Malaysia, Portugal, and Singapore also have very liberal crypto tax rules.

Your Bitcoin or crypto income may also count as income tax. If you’re a full-time employee, freelancer, or crypto trader paid in crypto, you’re likely liable to pay income tax on your crypto earnings. Again, the income tax rate usually depends on the amount you earn.

Under a certain income threshold, you might pay no tax on your income. You’ll typically find different income brackets, with increasing higher brackets paying higher tax rates. If your primary income comes from trading, find out if you’re subject to capital gains taxes or income tax.

How do tax authorities know about my cryptocurrency?

Tax authorities such as the IRS, ATO, CRA, HMRC, and others track cryptocurrency transactions and enforce tax compliance. Large cryptocurrency exchanges also cooperate with authorities.

Governments use data analytics tools such as Chainanalysis to pinpoint cryptocurrency users. With enough information, they can tie blockchain transactions from regulated cryptocurrency exchanges to personal crypto wallets. These analytics even include multiple layers removed from exchanges to combat tax evasion.

The IRS and other tax authorities also partner and share data with other governmental bodies, academic institutions, and international governments to share information about cryptocurrency usage.

In Conclusion

Getting your taxes right is essential. That’s why we recommend getting professional help calculating your tax bill if you have any doubts. This may be the case if you’ve been trading and not just investing. The tax implications of regular trading are much more complicated.

But most importantly, your situation for tax purposes is highly dependent on where you live. Make sure to use our information with that in mind.

However, if there is anything you think we are missing. Don’t hesitate to inform us by dropping your advice in the comment section.

Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below!

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